The paper is compiled by Climate Trends. It is meant to be used as a briefing document for media interested in the subject of resilient economic recovery. The paper draws largely from the opinions and plans on sectors under focus which have been available in the public domain, and have been proposed by experts as India’s pathway to a sustainable economic recovery from COVID-19. It also makes some original suggestions which are listed under the ‘Required Actions’ section under each focus sector.
40% of India’s population living in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) is exposed round the year to extreme levels of particulate matter, fossil gases, VOCs and smoke. The report documents the factors contributing to this persistent air pollution that are not specifically addressed in National Clean Air Program (NCAP) city plans and recommends modalities of an inter-state regional coordination mechanism to address sources that affect the entire region although they are situated outside the jurisdiction limits of cities.
Maharashtra has the most number of cities in the NCAP indicating the level of wide-spread pollution in the rich, industrialised, and agrarian state. Even with the 20-30% reduction targetted over the next five years, the NCAP will not meet national permissible limits in 16 out of 26 non- compliant cities of the state. The report identifies sources left out in pollution mitigation planning and gaps in policies of sectors that affect air quality as well as hurt the state economy’s plans to achieve US$ 1 trillion GDP.
This report presents a review of the political leadership, position and statements provided by the Members of Parliament (MPs) in the 14 cities of India ranked by WHO in 2018 as the world’s most polluted cities.
The report has discovered that Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka could follow in the footsteps of Gujarat and Chhattisgarh to declare a ‘no new coal’ policy since they don’t need any new coal power plants in the future, and all their future energy demands can be met by renewable based energy (with storage) in a cost optimal way. The report further states that 12 other Indian states could also comfortably announce a ‘no new coal’ policy as they have really low installed coal capacity and have high renewable energy potential. The report basis its findings on current economic indicators, installed capacity, electricity generation, renewable energy (RE) potential, as well as impacts of air pollution and water stress.
This paper captures the India Inc’s story of ‘growth decoupled from emissions’ listing companies having net worth of US$ 87 billion from diverse sectors such as transport, cement, steel, power, chemicals, consumer goods, IT, communications, banking and agro-products who have committed to climate actions such as Science Based Targets, 100% RE, carbon neutrality, no more coal, new electric vehicle models, ceasing diesel cars, et al.
BIMSTEC nations’ heads of government had visited India to attend the ceremony of new government being formed in 2019. At the time, this paper was released to build a case for regional coordination on RE’s potential for cross-border electricity trade such as to avoid further damage from fossil and large hydro electricity projects in India’s neighborhood.
Briefing paper as an explainer for media journalists to establish the link of climate change with cyclone Fani in May 2019.
Briefing paper as an explainer for media journalists to establish the link of climate change and air pollution with cyclone Fani in June 2019.